Create Development Environment with Kubernetes Clusters in your mac (with MySQL, ElasticSearch)

By: Tomoya Amachi
Posted: Jun 11, 2018

I created development environment in minikube. I took some times to setup keep Volume in own machine.

Finally, I created NFS in my mac and k8s volume mount to it. This article only about macOSX. You have to create shared folder in your VM if you use windows.



An image from Notion


Setup NetworkFileSystem

in macOS

$ sudo mkdir /Users/Shared/mysql
$ sudo chmod 777 /Users/Shared/mysql
$ sudo vi /etc/exports

# add following lines
/crm/mysql -maproot=root:mysql -network -mask

$ sudo nfsd update
$ sudo showmount -e
Exports list on localhost:
/Users/Shared/elasticsearch is minikube's IP address in MacOS. I added access permission from minikube.

start VM and minikube

$ minikube start --disk-size 20g
$ minikube status
minikube: Running
cluster: Running
kubectl: Correctly Configured: pointing to minikube-vm at

Create pods with skaffold

$ skaffold dev
Starting build...
Found [minikube] context, using local docker daemon.
Sending build context to Docker daemon  25.67MB
Step 1/5 : FROM php:7.1-fpm
 ---> 11517dccf6fd
Step 2/5 : RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y libmcrypt-dev mysql-client git     && docker-php-ext-install mcrypt pdo_mysql     && apt-get clean; rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* /tmp/* /var/tmp/* /usr/share/doc/*
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 3ab2884fb363
Step 3/5 : COPY ./main /var/www
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 7dcd45befe33
Step 4/5 : RUN chmod -R 777 /var/www/storage
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 28c46963494d
Step 5/5 : WORKDIR /var/www
 ---> Using cache
 ---> dd39afe581c9
Successfully built dd39afe581c9
Successfully tagged 11b3344bd05b3589691ba369cbd6ecf9:latest
Successfully tagged api-bizcrm:dd39afe581c911ae0a319282f57b6649db16c2e7efafac50c6676a554b9fa657
Build complete in 2.690496822s
Starting deploy...
service "api-http" created
deployment.extensions "api-http" unchanged
Deploy complete in 192.537363ms
Watching for changes...

check your pods' status :

$ kubectl get po
NAME                         READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
api-http-779f4558cb-5zntl    3/3       Running   0          15m
api-mysql-86cf68bfdb-hltnn   1/1       Running   1          44m

or you can check on GUI : minikube dashboard

skaffold build containers when you changed project files. You should wait a second after saving file.

[api-http-779f4558cb-5zntl api] [09-May-2018 17:30:34] NOTICE: ready to handle connections

If you don't wanna use skaffold

You can develop without skaffold to following steps :

$ cd /path/to/api-bizcrm
$ eval $(minikube docker-env)
$ export VERSION=<set your version>
$ docker build -f Dockerfile.minikube -t api-bizcrm:$VERSION .
$ kubectl set image deployment/api-http api=api-bizcrm:$VERSION
deployment.apps "api-http" image updated

but I think it's too tedious process to develop.